In this thesis I aim to address the question why food insecurity exists in the United States, despite its status as one of the wealthiest nations in the world. I break down this answer into 4 parts. By first examining determinants of food insecurity both in the world and domestically, I provide background as to the true factors at play with food insecurity and the often overlooked pieces of information. I then outline various federal food aid programs in place as well as argue that they have failed to fully address food insecurity. This is due to the fact that such federal programs are made too complex and too restrictive, limiting its accessibility and effectiveness. I discuss the negative implications neoliberalism has had on food policy as well as how it has led to increased food charity. Yet, these charitable organizations as well fail, due to the inherent hierarchical structure of charity and humanitarian aid. I conclude this thesis with recommendations for how to fully address and reduce food insecurity. These recommendations include policy that efficiently meets the needs of its beneficiaries and policy that is made to be much more streamlined and understandable. I also posit that a Right to Food must be adopted to give agency, ownership and legal rights to individuals and their means of obtaining food.